Gopal Bhand and Mahagyani

Hindi Translation of the Chapter

लगभग दो सौ वर्ष पूर्व राजा कृष्णचन्द्र ने बंगाल के एक भाग पर शासन करते थे। गोपाल भांड उनके दरबारी विदूषक थे। हालाँकि गोपाल भांड ने किताबों का अध्ययन नहीं किया था, फिर भी वे बहुत बुद्धिमान थे। एक बार दरबार में एक अत्यंत विद्वान व्यक्ति महाज्ञानी पंडित आये। वे सभी भारतीय भाषाएँ अच्छी तरह से और धाराप्रवाह से बोलते थे। उन्हें दर्शन एवं धर्म का अच्छा ज्ञान था। उन्होंने सभी सवालों का जवाब बहुत समझदारी से दिया. लोग उनसे बात करके आश्चर्यचकित थे लेकिन कोई भी उनकी मातृभाषा को नहीं पहचान सका। जब भी लोग उससे पूछते, वह अहंकारपूर्वक मुस्कुरा देता। उन्होंने कहा, एक सच्चा बुद्धिमान व्यक्ति आसानी से मेरी मातृभाषा जान लेगा। राजा कृष्णचन्द्र बहुत परेशान थे। इसलिए उन्होंने पंडित की मातृभाषा बताने वाले को इनाम देने की घोषणा की।
सभी विद्वानों ने महाज्ञानी की बात ध्यान से सुनी। लेकिन कोई भी उसकी मातृभाषा नहीं पहचान सका। “तुम्हें शर्म आनी चाहिए”, राजा ने गुस्से से कहा। सभी विद्वान चुप थे. गोपाल भांड सकपका कर खड़ा हो गया. उन्होंने कहा, महाराज, मुझे एक मौका दीजिए।“आप कैसे बता सकते हैं?”, राजा ने पूछा। महाराज ! मैं बात नहीं करूंगा. वह आपको खुद बता देंगे”, गोपाल भांड ने उत्तर दिया। अगली सुबह राजा अपने बगीचे में घूम रहा था। गोपाल भांड तेजी से उनके पास दौड़े और बोले, मैने महाज्ञानी पंडित से कहा है कि आप उन्हें गुलाब की माला से सम्मानित करने जा रहे हैं।“क्या!”, राजा ने आश्चर्य से कहा। अगले ही क्षण राजा ने महाज्ञानी पंडित को ब्रेसब्री में आते देखा। वह रेशमी वस्त्रों में था। गोपाल भांड बाड़े के पीछे छिप गया। जैसे ही पंडित बाड़े के पास आया, उसने अपना पैर बाहर निकाला और पंडित को ठोकर मार दी। महाज्ञानी पंडित ताजे पानी वाली जमीन पर गिर पड़े। वह उठ बैठा और गोपाल भांड पर अपनी मातृभाषा में चिल्लाने लगा। गोपाल भांड ने कहा, “महाराज, अब आप जान गए हैं कि पंडित की मातृभाषा क्या है!”महाज्ञानी पंडित उठे और गोपाल भांड से बोले, “अरे बुद्धिमान, तुमने मुझे बड़ी बुद्धिमानी से फँसाया है,” और वह चले गये।

A. Read the statements and say whether they are true or false:
a. Gopal Bhand knew many languages. (False)
b. Mahagyani was a proud man. (True)
c. The King had many scholars in his court. (True)
d. The Pandit had good knowledge of dance and music. (Not mentioned)
e. Raja Krishna Chandra ruled over Bengal. (True)
B. Answer the following questions:
a. Who was Gopal Bhand ?
Ans.. Gopal Bhand was the court jester.
b. Why did the Raja announce a reward ?
Ans. The Raja announced a reward because no one could identify the Pandit’s mother tongue.
c. Why did Gopal Bhand hide himself behind the hedge ?
Ans. Gopal Bhand hid himself behind the hedge to trick the Pandit into revealing his mother tongue.
d. Why was the king angry ?
Ans. The king was angry because none of the scholars could identify the Pandit’s mother tongue.
e. Why did the Pandit curse Gopal Bhand ?
Ans. The Pandit cursed Gopal Bhand because he intelligently trapped him into revealing his mother tongue.
f. Which language did the Pandit curse Gopal Bhand in?
Ans. The Pandit cursed Gopal Bhand in his own mother tongue.
C. Riddles
1. He was a ruler.
He ruled over a part of Bengal.
Who was he?
ans. Raja Krishan Chandra
2. He was a court jester.
He had not studied books but he was a wise man.
Who was he?
ans. Gopal Bhand
3. He spoke all the Indian languages fluently.
He had good knowledge of philosophy and religion.
Who was he?
Ans. Mahagyani

B. Find the words:
a. My first letter is in tap and set
My second letter is in read and not in lead
My third letter is in sit and in him
My fourth letter is both in pot and pan
Who am I………………………………………
ans. Nest
b. My first letter is in hat and hen
My second letter is ‘I’
My third letter is in dog and din
I am Mr………………………………..
Ans. Hid
Give rhyming words for:

1. Scream: Dream, stream, beam, scheme
2. Trap: Clap, flap, snap, gap
3. Edge: Wedge, hedge, ledge, pledge

Fill in the blanks using ‘ly’ forms of the words in bold:
Example: Lalita was cheerful. She talked cheerfully.
a. The lamp was bright. It was shining brightly.
b. The snail is slow. It moves slowly.
c. The boy was foolish. He answered foolishly.
d. The sum was easy. They solved it easily.
e. The girl is smart. She talks smartly.
Mrs. Rai is a teacher of English. She has made some notes about her
students. They are given below.
Seema – write – perfect
Sita – speak – fluent
Ashu – read – nice
Savy – spell – correct
Rita – write – careful
Salma – listen – attentive
Use these to say how well each student is doing:
Example: Seema writes perfectly.

Ans. Seema writes perfectly.
Sita speaks fluently.
Ashu reads nicely.
Savy spells correctly.
Rita writes carefully.
Salma listens attentively.

A. Read the passage carefully:

Lions are members of the cat family. They live in Africa and India. The
lion is a big cat. It is about 3 meters long and weighs more than 200 kilograms. It
is yellow in colour.
The lion can swim in water and climb up trees. It eats only meat. It hunts
animals like the zebra. It kills animals by using its claws and teeth. The lion
lives for about fifteen years

Using the clues given below write the description of a TIGER.
………….. cat family …………… India ……………. big cat …………. 3 meters
……………. 200 kilograms …………….. yellow ………… Both male and female have
black stripes. …………….. and jump very well. ………………. powerful claws
………………lives 15 years.

Ans. Tigers are members of the cat family and are found in India. They are a type of big cat, measuring about 3 meters in length and weighing more than 200 kilograms. Tigers are typically yellow in color, and both males and females have black stripes on their fur. They can run and jump very well, possessing powerful claws. Like lions, tigers also live for about fifteen years.

B. Write five sentences about one of your classmates. Use the informa tion given in the table. The first one is done for you:
Example: Raju always gets up early.
gets up early always
reads books often
tells lies never
paints picture sometimes
Watches T.V. always
plays football usually
makes mischief never

Ans. Raju always gets up early.
He often reads books.
He never tells lies.
Sometimes, he paints pictures.
He always watches TV, but he usually plays football and never makes mischief.
B. My Grandmother’s purse
Have you ever played a trick on anyone? Which of these things can you put
in your friend’s pocket to play a trick on her?
Speak out complete sentences.

Example : I put a dead cockroach in my friend’s pocket

a dead cockroach
a bunch of pen without refills
a pouch of pebbles instead of betel-nuts
a rotten tomato
a match box full of ants
a lizard that leaps on a spring
a gum stick into her lipstick cap

ans. I put a pouch of pebbles instead of betel-nuts in my friend’s pocket.

1. Has anyone seen the wind?
Ans.. No one has seen the wind.
b. Pick out the line from the poem which answers this question.
ans.. The line from the poem that answers this question is: “Who has seen the wind? Neither I nor you.”
2. What do leaves do when the wind is passing through?
ans.. When the wind is passing through, the leaves hang trembling.
3. 3. How do you know the wind is passing by?
Ans.You know the wind is passing by when the leaves hang trembling and when the trees bow down their heads.
4.4. Which seems to be stronger the wind or the tree? Give reasons for your
Ans. The wind appears to be stronger than the tree. This is suggested by the imagery in the poem, where the leaves are trembling and the trees are bowing down their heads in response to the wind. The wind’s effect on the leaves and trees implies its strength and power, whereas the trees seem to yield to its force.

Read Other Chapters of English. Click the names of the chapters.

1 Conversation
2 The Sun Goes on a Holiday
3 Pretending
4 A Masai Home
5 Alice in Wonderland
6 In the Heart of a Seed
7 Jolly Kittens
8 The Hare on the Moon
9Left in Charge
10Jagatu the Gardener
11 Who has Seen the Wind

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